SECRÉTARIAT GÉNÉRAL : 13.
Place Albert I — BE - 6530 THUIN (Belgium)
FCI-Standard N° 97 / 05. 03. 1998 /
GERMAN SPITZ, INCLUDING KEESHOND AND
(Deutscher Spitz, inklusive Keeshond und Pomeranian)
DATE 0F PUBLICATION 0F THE
Watch and Companion Dog.
Spitz and primitive types.
Section 4 European Spitz.
Without working trial.
HISTORICAL SUMMARY : German Spitz are descendants of the stone age «Peat
Dogs» (Torfhund) «Canis familiaris palustris Rüthimeyer» and the later Lake
Dweller's (Pfahlbau) Spitz ; they are the oldest breed of dog in Central Europe.
Numerous other breeds have been produced from them.
In non-German speaking countries Wolfsspitz are known as Keeshonds and
Toy Spitz as Pomeranians.
: Spitz breeds are captivating on account of their beautiful coats, made to
stand off by plentiful undercoat. Particularly
impressive is the strong, mane-like collar round the neck (ruff) and the bushy
tail carried boldly over the back. The
foxy head with alert eyes and the small pointed, closely set ears give the Spitz
his unique characteristic, cheeky appearance.
: The ratio of height at withers to body length is 1:1.
AND CHARACTER : The German Spitz is always attentive, lively and
exceptionally devoted to his owner. He
is very teachable and easy to train. His
distrust to strangers and lack of hunting instinct make him the ideal watchdog
for home and farm. He is neither
timid nor aggressive. Indifference
to weather, robustness and longevity are his most outstanding attributes.
: The Spitz’s medium size head, seen from above, appears broadest at the back
and tapers in wedgeshape to the tip of the nose.
: Moderate to marked, never abrupt
: The nose is round, small and pure black, dark brown m brown Spitz.
: The muzzle is not overlong and stands in pleasing proportion to the skull.
(In Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium-size Spitz the ratio
length of the muzzle to length of the skull is approximately 2:3, in Miniature
Spitz and Toy Spitz approximately 2:4.).
: The lips are not exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do not form any
folds to the corner of the mouth. They
are completely black in all colours, brown in brown Spitz.
: The jaws are normally developed and show a complete scissor bite with 42
teeth, corresponding to the teeth formula of the dog, i.e. the upper teeth
closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Pincer-bite is permissible in all varieties of Spitz.
: The cheeks are gently rounded, not protruding.
: The eyes are of medium size, longish shape, slightly slanting and dark.
The eyelids are black in all shades of colour, dark brown in brown Spitz.
: The small ears are set high and relatively close to each other, triangular and
pointed; they are always carried upright, stiff at the tips
: The medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders, slightly arched
without throatiness and covered by a thick, profuse coat forming a large ruff.
: The topline starts at the tips of the erectly carried prick-ears and merges in
a gentle curve with the short, straight back.
The bushy, sweeping tail, which partially covers the back, rounds off the
: The high withers drop imperceptibly into the shortest possible, straight, firm
: Short-coupled, broad and strong.
: The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
: The deep chest is well sprung, the forechest well developed.
: The brisket reaches as far back as possible; the belly has only a slight tuck
: The tail is set on high and of medium length.
It reaches upwards and rolls forward over the back, straight from the
root. It lies firmly over the back
and is covered with very bushy hair. A
double curl at tip of tail is tolerated.
General : Straight, rather broad front.
: The shoulder-blade is long and well laid back.
The upper arm, which is approximately the same length, forms an angle of
90 degrees to the shoulder-blade. The
shoulder is well muscled and firmly connected to the brisket.
: The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the brisket and turns neither in
: The forearm is of medium length in relation to the body, sturdy and completely
straight. The back of the forearm
is well feathered.
: The strong, medium length front pastern stands at an angle of 20 degrees from
: The front feet are as small as possible, round and closed, so called cat feet,
with well arched toes. Toe-nails
and pads are black in all shades of colour, but dark brown in brown dogs.
: The hindquarters are very muscular and abundantly feathered to the hocks.
The hind legs stand straight and parallel.
and lower thigh
: Upper and lower thigh are of about equal length.
: The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulation and is turned neither
in nor out in movement.
: The hock is of medium length, very strong and vertical to the ground.
: The hind feet are as small as possible, tightly closed with well arched toes,
so called cat feet. The pads are
coarse. The colour of nails and
pads is as dark as possible.
: The German Spitz moves straight ahead with good drive, fluid and springy.
: The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.
: The German Spitz has a double coat : Long, straight, stand off top coat and
short, thick, cotton-wool-like undercoat. Head,
ears, front side of front and hind legs and the feet are covered by short, thick
(velvety) hair. The rest of the
body has a long rich coat. Not
wavy, curly or corded, not parted on the back.
Neck and shoulders are covered by a thick mane.
The backside of the front legs is well feathered, the hind legs have
ample feathering from croup to hocks. The
tail is bushy.
a) Wolfspitz/Keeshound : Grey shaded.
b) Giant-Spitz : Black, brown, white.
Medium size Spitz : Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other
Miniature Spitz : Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other
Toy Spitz/Pomeranian : Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other
: In the black Spitz, the undercoat and skin must also be black and the colour
on top must be a shining black without any white or other markings.
: The brown Spitz should be uniformly dark brown.
: The coat should be pure white without any trace of yellow in particular, which
often occurs, specially on the ears.
: The orange Spitz should be evenly coloured in the medium colour range.
Spitz Keeshond / Keeshond : Grey-shaded is a silver grey with black hair-tips.
Muzzle and ears dark in colour; round the eyes well defined «spectacles»
shown as a delicately pencilled black line slanting from outer corner of eye to
lower corner of ear, coupled wit distinct markings and shading forming
expressive short eyebrow ; mane and ring on shoulder lighter ; fore- and
hindlegs without any black marking under the elbows or stifles, except slight
pencilling on the toes ; black tip of tail ; underside of tail and trousers pale
: The term «other colours » covers all shades of colour, such as : cream,
cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan and particolour (with white always as
main colour). The black, brown,
grey or orange patches must be distributed over the whole body.
AND WEIGHT :
Wolfspitz/Keeshond 49 cm
+/- 6 cm
b) Giant Spitz
+/- 4 cm
c) Medďum size Spitz
+/- 4 cm
d) Miniature Spitz 26 cm
+/- 3 cm
e) Toy Spitz/Pomeranian 20 cm
+/- 2 cm
Dogs under 18 cm undesirable.
: Each variety of German Spitz should have a weight corresponding to its size.
: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
Faults in construction.
Head too flat ; distinct apple head.
Flesh-coloured nose, eyelids and lips.
In Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium size
Spitz : missing teeth.
Faults in movement.
In grey-shaded Spitz missing of distinct markings of
Gap in fontanel.
Over-or undershot bite.
Ectropion or entropion.
Definite white patches in all not white Spitz.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum
© du Loup de Samarah *** Last modification : 25-11-2006